Why are insurance rates going up? Understanding the Hardening Insurance Market

Why are insurance rates going up? Understanding the Hardening Insurance Market

October 11, 2023

The world of personal insurance has been facing a turbulent and challenging period known as a "hard market." This phenomenon has left many of us struggling as our insurance premiums soar and options diminish. In this blog post, we'll delve into what a hard market is, its causes, and, most importantly, how you can weather the storm and protect your financial interests.

Understanding the Hard Market vs. Soft Market

Before we dive into the specifics of the hard market in personal insurance, let's distinguish between a hard market and a soft market.

Hard Market: A hard market is characterized by high insurance premiums, limited coverage options, and strict underwriting criteria. Insurance companies become more risk-averse and less willing to take on new policies. In this scenario, policyholders often see rate increases and reduced policy options.

Soft Market: Conversely, a soft market is marked by lower premiums, ample coverage options, and lenient underwriting criteria. Insurance companies compete for customers, leading to better pricing and more generous policies.

Why We're in a Hard Market

Several factors are contributing to the current hard market in personal insurance:

  • Increased Rebuilding Costs: The cost to rebuild homes has surged due to rising material and labor costs. This directly impacts homeowners' insurance premiums.
  • Elevated Auto Repair Costs: Auto insurance premiums have also risen due to increased costs associated with auto parts and labor. In addition, the inclusion of advanced technological components in modern vehicles has significantly increased the cost of repairs.
  • Increasing Medical Care Costs: Medical care costs continue to rise, contributing to higher premiums, especially in auto insurance where bodily injury claims can be a significant factor.
  • Rising Litigation and Settlements: Litigation costs and settlement amounts have reached unprecedented levels, further straining insurance companies' financial resources.
  • Climate Change and Its Impact: Climate change is increasingly manifesting itself through severe weather events, such as hurricanes, wildfires, and floods. These catastrophic events result in massive insurance claims, causing insurers to reassess their risk exposure and increase premiums for policyholders.

To help visualize the severity of these events, consider recent data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). In 2023 alone, the United States experienced a staggering 23 billion-dollar weather and climate disasters. This figure surpasses the previous record set in 2020, which saw 22 such events. The financial toll of these 23 disasters in 2023 is estimated at a staggering $57.6 billion, according to NOAA. These statistics underscore the profound and growing impact of catastrophic weather events on both our lives and the insurance industry's response to this escalating risk.

The increasing frequency and severity of these weather-related disasters have forced insurance companies to reassess their exposure to natural catastrophes. With the prospect of more frequent and severe weather events in the future, insurers must ensure they have the financial resources to cover potential claims. This risk assessment, in turn, leads to a rise in premiums as insurance companies adjust their pricing to account for these heightened risks.

  • Rate Increases and Denied Approvals: In some states, insurance carriers have sought rate increases but were unable to obtain approval from regulatory authorities. As a result, some companies have ceased taking on new business to protect their financial stability.
  • Cost of Doing Business: The rising cost of doing business in the insurance industry plays a significant role in higher premiums. Reinsurance, which insurance carriers use to hedge against catastrophic losses, is approaching or at capacity in many markets. Rising reinsurance costs are unsustainable for insurers, forcing them to raise premiums.

The Role of Claims History: While external factors play a significant role in insurance pricing, your claims history is an essential element within your control. Insurance companies consider your claims history when determining your premium. A history of frequent or high-value claims can lead to higher premiums.

Ways to Manage Your Claims History:

  • Exercise Caution: Avoid making unnecessary claims for minor incidents. It's often more cost-effective to handle small repairs out of pocket rather than filing a claim.
  • Safe Driving: Maintain safe driving habits to reduce the likelihood of auto accidents. Many insurers offer discounts for accident-free driving.
  • Home Maintenance: Regularly maintain your home to prevent common issues that could lead to claims, such as water damage from leaky pipes.
  • Bundle Claims: If multiple incidents occur, try to bundle them into a single claim when possible. This can help minimize the impact on your claims history.

Navigating the Hard Market

Given the challenges posed by the hard market, what can you do to protect your interests and manage your insurance costs effectively?

  • Consider Higher Deductibles: Opting for higher deductibles can lower your premium costs. However, be sure to choose a deductible level that you can comfortably afford in case of a claim.
  • Safe Driving Telematic Programs: Many insurers offer telematics programs that reward safe driving habits with discounts. These programs monitor your driving behavior and can result in significant savings.
  • Discount Reviews: Regularly review your policy for available discounts. Different carriers offer various discount opportunities, so ensure you're taking advantage of all eligible ones by discussing them with your agent.
  • Bundle Auto and Home Insurance: Combining your auto and home insurance with the same carrier often leads to discounts and more stable pricing.

While navigating the hard market in personal insurance can be challenging, it's crucial to stay informed and take proactive steps to manage your insurance costs effectively. Understanding the underlying causes of the hard market and exploring strategies like higher deductibles, safe driving programs, discount reviews, policy bundling, and responsible claims management can help you secure the coverage you need without breaking the bank.

At FNIC, our dedicated personal insurance team is here for you. We understand the complexities of the insurance landscape and are ready to assist you in preparing for an upcoming renewal. Our professionals will review your current coverage in detail and provide guidance on how to weather the hard market storm. With our support and your proactive approach, you can navigate these challenging times.